Instructor: David King
There are no prerequisites for this course, although some knowledge of basic botany would be extremely helpful. We meet on Sundays from January 09 through March 20/27 for 11 meetings. There are two Saturday field trips.
The first scheduled ‘field trip’ we will attend the WLA chapter of the California Rare Fruit Growers meeting on February 12th, from 10:00 to noon. This is the day of their annual ‘Scion Exchange’ and is not to be missed if you can help it. There is no other forum in Los Angeles that offers a better introduction to grafting!
The currently unscheduled field trip will be to the Veteran's Administration Garden, run by Katarina Ericksen. She will show you her techniques, which are different from mine and will give us a tour of her greenhouses and growing grounds. We will endeavor to schedule this trip on a day that is free of all other field trips. To the best of our ability!
All other meetings are on Sunday 1:30 to 4:30 PM to The Learning Garden, at the Venice High School campus. This site is close to the ocean and because we meet outside, please dress appropriate to the weather, which is invariably colder than one would imagine. We will do what we can to mitigate the cold and rain, should it come, but the material of the class is best covered with live plant material in the garden – which, of course, is outside.
We will also be working with potting soils and cut plant material in almost every single class. Dress so that you can comfortably get dirty and still stay dry. Dressing in layers is probably the best idea when it comes to being outdoors at The Learning Garden.
This course is an introduction to the principles and practice of plant propagation, both sexual and asexual, and the science and art of grafting and budding.
- Understand the care and safe use of tools in plant propagation.
- Understand the biology of sexual and asexual propagation of plants.
- Understand and use the different styles of propagation of plants.
- Be able to set up and use a plant propagation system.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the above by propagating different species of plants.
- Understand the physiology of plants sufficiently to be able to successfully bud and graft a variety of plants.
The materials presented in this course will enable the student to start plants from seeds and cuttings, in an amateur or professional setting and graft woody plants with a working understanding of the scientific underpinnings of the process.
Text for this course
Plant Propagation A to Z – Bryant; Firefly Books, 2003 It is readily available online or in the appropriate UCLA Bookstore. There will be many additional handouts from the instructor.
The Grafter's Handbook – Garner; Cassell Publishing 2003 This is a reissue of a classic first commissioned by the Royal Horticultural Society. This is a recommended text (not required) but a serious student will find this an oft-referenced text with a wealth of information.
All material for in class will be available online at http://lagardennotes.blogspot.com/. I try to not have handouts in class to avoid wasting paper printing out handouts you may not care to keep and using the internet allows us to use videos (especially of grafting) from other sites you may find helpful.
To each class meeting, in addition to any note-taking tools you deem necessary (paper, camera, tape recorder etc), each student should bring propagation tools that will be described in our first class meeting. You will need pruners, a grafting knife, a regular pocket knife (or one knife with two blades for different purposes), a black, permanent Sharpie, a sharp pencil and a sturdy pair of gloves – leather preferred. If you are unsure of what to buy, buy NOTHING until after the first class meeting – we will not be using most of these items until later in the course.
Your grade in this class is based on a checklist you will keep. You need to be able to perform each of the tasks on the log with sufficient skill and understanding of the process in order to receive a passing grade in this course. The completed checklist must be turned in the last day of class unless other arrangements have been made before hand with the instructor. Additional points (i.e. make up points) can be obtained by adding propagation notes to www.gardenology.org. I reserve the right to administer quizzes throughout the course to insure comprehension. They will count in your participation score.
Instructor’s Office Hours
Please avail yourself of my willingness to meet with you at any time to discuss your progress in the course or to clarify instructional material or to answer any difficulties you are having. My preference is to meet with you at my office at The Learning Garden where we can cover material without distraction but I am willing to meet with students anytime, anywhere to assist you in learning; after all, that is the point your taking the class and my teaching it. It is my wish that all students learn and are profited by their enrollment in this course. Do not struggle; I am here to help.
At The Learning Garden:
THE FIRST AID KIT IS LOCATED ON TOP OF THE refrigerator in my office
Remember its location.
I’m very serious... So far only one student has had to have emergency medical treatment. These are very SHARP knifes.
A garden is filled with uneven surfaces, rocks, plants with thorns and other armaments and an infinity of possibilities for injury; most of the time in this course we will be using very sharp tools which deserve your utmost attention at all times, please give due attention and consideration of this. Remain on pathways and do not walk into planted beds unless it is absolutely necessary. Do not pick anything without permission – it’s common courtesy.
A garden and the plants do not talk; I feel responsible as their spokesperson and take that responsibility seriously. You may not abuse my plants.
Food and drink are allowed, but the removal of any trash or waste is entirely incumbent on the eator and/or drinkor.
We will probably have hot tea and coffee to mitigate the cool weather we anticipate needing to endure. Bring your own cup or mug and any eating utensils you feel you need.
Appropriate clothing is essential. Remember, Venice can be hot and cold by turns. Layering is suggested; a jacket or sweater close at hand is essential. We will meet regardless of weather. If it is a light rain/mist, we will continue work. If it is a gully-washer (as though we get those in Southern California), we will meet in a classroom or the greenhouse and carry on.
For Credit Students. It is more important to me that you learn the material above all other considerations. I will endeavor through point assignment, lecture and demonstration to teach you in a way that will facilitate learning the material. If you aren’t understanding, please allow me to help you.
Tools You Will Need
Each student shall provide:
Pair of pruners – secateur type, like Felco #2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12 or 13. No anvil pruners allowed EXCEPT for those students with hand pain or arthritis that must use the ratcheting type of pruners. Felcos can be bought on the internet (eBay) for much less than most local sources; I am also a Felco distributor and carry several models at a very competitive price. Coronas and other secateur pruners are OK, although if you have ever used Felcos, you appreciate why I am so fond of them.
Pruning knife – only used for plants. It is suggested that everyone also have a second knife for all the other needs in a garden. If one does not plan on doing a great deal of propagation needing a sharp knife, an inexpensive knife with break-away blades available from many local stores may be used. Grafting knives and horticultural knives are also found for reasonable amounts on eBay and other internet connections; I also have a selection of inexpensive pruning knives from Swiss Army. No one should feel pressured to buy my items – I only have them because they can be hard to find locally and often all you can find are the really expensive Felcos which you don't need.
Pair of gloves – leather is preferred.
Sharpie – fine point, only black will not wash off
Pencil – sharp, wooden (the Learning Garden does have a sharpener)
You will need to take notes, so paper is necessary – may I suggest you take notes in pencil because it won’t run if it gets wet and a pencil is a wonderful small dibber in a pinch.
The Garden (or instructor) will provide:
Cactus mix and potting soil to be used as needed
Root stimulating gel
Other tools and supplies as needed
Oil, sharpening devices, cleaners and rags for pruner and knife maintenance
Alcohol wipes and hand soap.
First aid kit
If you forget your pruners or knife, I do have a few of each, and while I do have gloves, a pair that fits your hand is preferred (and a pair of gloves are somewhat personal too). I can sharpen your pruners and teach you how.
Lecture: Introduction – roll, Extension policy, meeting time and place, attendance and tardiness, tools etc. Tool selection and care. Sexual and asexual propagation defined. Introduction to the different forms of propagation. Botany as applied to propagation. Planting mediums.
Demonstration: Working environment; Safety and tool usePractical: Planting medium mixes and mixing.
Lecture: Meristematic tissue and the principles of propagation by cuttings; Return to pages 92-113
Demonstration: Different kinds of cuttingsPractical: Making cuttings
Lecture: General Propagation Methods and Application; Pages 47-113; pests and diseases and methodology to deal with them.
Demonstration: Division of perennials
Practical: Dividing perennial plants
Lecture: Seeds, structure, germination and viability, collection, storage. Propagation, pages 47-74; seed starting problems and their solution.
Demonstration: Scarification/Seed sowingPractical: Sowing seeds of different sizes
Field Trip to California Rare Fruit Growers
Lecture: Biology of Grafting, reasons to graft and history; tools of the trade; SAFETY
Demonstration: A saddle graft
Practical: Grafting an apple or other stone fruit
Lecture: California Native Propagation
Demonstration: Fire scarification of a California native
Practical: Transplanting seedlings
Lecture: Advanced grafting and possibilities
Demonstration: Whip Graft
Practical: More grafting
Field Trip Lecture: Some of the odd-ducks of the propagation manual Katarina's presentation
Demonstration: Leaf propagation
Practical: Propagating something unusual.
Lecture: Covering all things left uncovered.
Demonstration: As dictated by circumstances.
Practical: Work on your checklist. (Student evaluation of instructor…) FINISHING REQUIREMENTS FOR CREDIT STUDENTS
Our Class Meeting Locations
The Learning Garden
13000 Venice Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90066
The Garden is located on the south east corner of Walgrove Avenue and Venice Blvd. It is the first gate on Walgrove south of Venice – there is a small amount of parking inside the gate, there is no other secured parking, other than those few spaces, you are on your own.
California Rare Fruit Growers, West Los Angeles Chapter
Scion Exchange meeting on Feb. 14, 10:00 AM,
Ken Edwards Community Center
1527 Fourth St., Santa Monica, CA, 90404
The Veterans Administration Garden TBA
Search online at eBay and other buying services, but the following companies, in addition to myself, reliably have the tools you need and prices that are competitive.
A.M. Leonard (AKA The Gardeners Edge) www.gardenersedge.com They have everything and they make good house brands of knives and pruners.
The Felco Store, www.FelcoStore.com Felco products.
Frost Proof (good prices) www.frostproof.com Good prices – lousy website
Peaceful Valley Farm Supply www.groworganic.com Felco and Corona pruners, inexpensive Swiss Army grafting knives. A good choice.
Lee Valley Tools www.leevalley.com The only place I know to buy the composite handled Felco pruners, other than myself, and other lovely tools.
Walt Nicke Garden Talk www.gardentalk.com/ An expensive but old favorite seller, a lovely, quaint catalog (lousy website).